Resilience learning and indigenous knowledge of earthquake risk in Indonesia

New publication: Open Access. Kurnio, H.; A. Fekete; F. Naz; C. Norf; and R. Jüpner. 2021. Resilience learning and indigenous knowledge of earthquake risk in Indonesia. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 62:102423. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102423

In the context of earthquake risk, a vulnerability and resilience perspective has changed a purely technological orientation in facing natural hazards. One aspect of this change is the increasing awareness to include indigenous, traditional knowledge, community-based action, and local practices as well as experience from historic events in earthquake hazard management. Various research has shown that indigenous knowledge has an important role in avoiding undesired impacts from hazards. The involvement of indigenous knowledge into hazard management has been accepted as a fruitful approach by many countries. In Indonesia, the indigenous response to natural hazards, especially towards earthquakes, is to adapt the house constructions according to the hazards from their surrounding living environment and these have been tested and proven for many centuries. But while such indigenous knowledge has existed for centuries, learning requires more than just remembering, it needs to be translated into new actions. This paper highlights connections between knowing and acting on disasters, as manifested in house construction, and how this resonates with the concept of resilience. 

InnoBOSk veröffentlicht digitale Plattform zum Austausch zwischen BOS und KMU

 **English version below**

Das von der Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM) initiierte Innovationsforum „InnoBOSK“ für die zivile Sicherheitsforschung, in welchem die TH Köln als assoziierter Partner mitwirkt, bietet seinen Mitgliedern jetzt eine kostenlose digitale Plattform zur besseren Vernetzung an.

Kleine und mittlere Unternehmen (KMU) und Behörden und Organisationen mit Sicherheitsaufgaben (BOS) können die Plattform zur Kontaktaufnahme, zum Networking und zum Austausch von Projektergebnissen nutzen. So sollen schneller technische Lösungen entwickelt werden, die sich an den konkreten Bedürfnissen der BOS orientieren. Dabei kann es z.B. um Drohnen, Detektionssysteme oder Sensortechnik zur Erkundung von Gefahrensituationen gehen.

Hier die ganze Pressemeldung der BAM.

Die wichtigsten Fragen werden hier in einen Interview mit Daniel Krentel (BAM) beantwortet.

Interessierte KMU oder BOS, die sich für die Online-Plattform anmelden oder dem Netzwerk beitreten möchten, können unter innobosk[at]bam.de Kontakt aufnehmen. Des Weiteren finden zurzeit Workshops zur Erhebung von Forschungsbedarfen aus Sicht der BOS statt. Bei Interesse gerne die oben genannte E-Mail-Adresse nutzen.

Mehr Informationen zu InnoBOSK finden Sie unter www.innobosk.de.

***

InnoBOSk releases digital platform for exchange between BOS and SMEs

The innovation forum “InnoBOSK” for civil protection research initiated by the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), in which TH Köln is an associated partner, now offers its members a free digital platform for better networking.

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and authorities and organizations with safety- and security-related tasks (BOS) can use the platform to establish contacts, network, and exchange project results. The aim is to develop technical solutions more quickly that are based on the specific needs of the BOS. This may involve, for example, drones, detection systems or sensor technology for the exploration of hazardous situations.

The entire press release of BAM.

The most important questions are answered here: https://www.bam.de/Content/EN/Interviews/infrastructure-interview-daniel-krentel-innobosk-network.html

Interested SMEs or BOS that would like to register for the online platform or join the network can contact innobosk[at]bam.de. More information about InnoBOSK can be found at www.innobosk.de.

Unsere Infrastruktur: Basis oder Achillesferse?

Digitale öffentliche Podiumsdiskussion und Fachsymposium „Kritische Infrastruktur und Versorgung der Bevölkerung – Neue Entwicklungen durch Klimawandel, Epidemien und die digitale Transformation der Gesellschaft bis 2050“. Stiftung Wissen der Sparkasse KölnBonn 23. bis – 25. June 2021. Online. 

Versorgungsinfrastrukturen wie Wasser, Nahrung, Strom, Logistik usw. sind elementar für unser privates und öffentliches Leben. In hochindustrialisierten Ländern wie Deutschland sind langandauernde großflächige Stromausfälle oder Ausfälle von kritischen lebensversorgenden Einrichtungen, wie etwa Krankenhäuser, eher selten. Expertinnen und Experten vermuten jedoch, dass wir im Krisenfall gerade durch die Seltenheit von Störungen unvorbereitet getroffen werden. Aktuell zeigt uns die Corona-Pandemie die Bedeutung und die Verletzlichkeit kritischer Einrichtungen und Berufsgruppen.

Wie anfällig sind unsere kritischen Infrastrukturen?
Klimawandel, Epidemien, Super-GAU – wie können unsere kritischen Infrastrukturen reagieren?
Wie beeinflussen gesellschaftliche Veränderungen – z.B. Digitalisierung oder demographischer Wandel – die kritischen Infrastrukturen?

Diskutieren Sie diese und andere Fragen mit renommierten Expertinnen und Experten bei unserer digitalen öffentlichen Podiumsdiskussion am 23. Juni 2021 von 17:30-19:00 Uhr.

Unsere Podiumsgäste sind:

  • Jacqueline Begerow,
    Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ)
  • Prof. Dr. Alex Lechleuthner,
    Ärztlicher Leiter des Rettungsdienstes der Feuerwehr Köln und Leiter des Instituts für Rettungsingenieurwesen und Gefahrenabwehr (IRG) der TH Köln
  • Prof. Dr. Jakob Rhyner,
    Wissenschaftlicher Direktor der Bonner Allianz für Nachhaltigkeitsforschung, Innovations-Campus Bonn (ICB) und Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn

Anmeldung und weitere Informationen

Call for Papers: Transformationen im Umgang mit Risiken: Empirische Fälle und Fragen

Transformation ist ein kontrovers diskutierter Begriff in der Risikoforschung. Bezog er sich anfangs vorwiegend auf den Klimaschutz, wird er zunehmend auch im Hinblick auf die notwendigen Veränderungen im Umgang mit (Klimawandel-)Risiken diskutiert. Die konzeptionelle Debatte hat dabei in den letzten Jahren viele Fortschritte gemacht – nicht zuletzt befeuert durch die Geographie. Empirische Befunde zu Transformationen im Umgang mit Risiko bzw. zur Gestaltung von Transformationsprozessen sind dagegen weitaus seltener anzutreffen. Viele Fragen zu den tatsächlichen Charakteristika von Transformation sowie zum Ablauf von Transformationsprozessen bleiben daher bislang offen.

Diese interaktive Vortrags- und Postersitzung des AK Naturgefahren und Naturrisiken baut auf eine Podiumsdiskussion am Vortag auf. Es wird um Beitragsvorschläge für Kurzvorträge gebeten, die sich mit der Untersuchung von Transformationen im Kontext des Risiko-Managements bzw. der Risiko-Governance beschäftigen. Hierbei können rückblickende und vorausschauende Analysen im Vordergrund stehen. Beiträge auch zu solchen Naturgefahrentypen, die nicht durch den Klimawandel beeinflusst werden, sind ausdrücklich erwünscht.

Call for Papers im Rahmen der Geowoche 2021, vom AK Naturgefahren/Naturrisiken. Weitere Informationen.

Next Risky Monday Session 07/06/21

On 07.06.21 members of the regional group Cologne of Ingenieure ohne Grenzen (IOG) present their current project in Tanzania – the construction of a cistern for a local school. They report about the planning and the planned implementation, as well as challenges. Ingenieure ohne Grenzen is a non-profit recognized aid organization for international development cooperation with a focus on basic infrastructural services.

Event language is German.

Survey in WAKE project

A survey in the research project WAKE (wake-project.eu) on improved handling of knowledge and information in civil protection has been launched.

It can be accessed on: https://survey.lamapoll.de/WAKE/

The aim of the survey is to gather experiences and ideas from members of organisations and government agencies involved in civil protection on the subjects of:

  • Databases,
    • E-learning,
    • Lessons Learned, and
    • Informal networks/Communities of Practice.

Subsequently, feasible and easy-to-implement recommendations for action will be developed. The aim is to ensure more efficient and solution-oriented operations in the future, not only during emergencies, but in preparation and post-processing as well. Special attention will be paid to the unproblematic identification and joint use of relevant information. The survey is available in German and scheduled to be active until 11th August 2021.

For any questions please contact Johanne Kaufmann.

Next Risky Monday Session 12/04/21 in English

The session will be given by Adam Widera from the University of Münster. Adam is the managing director of the ERCIS Competence Center for Crisis Management and member of the research group Information Systems & Supply Chain Management. He was the coordinator of the DRIVER+ project at the University of Muenster. His research areas cover modeling, simulation and performance measurement in humanitarian logistics and crisis managements well as the design and evaluation of information systems for humanitarians. (Photo by Bob Munro)

This is the Abstract for the session by Adam: The scale and pace of crises pose enormous challenges for the crisis management (CM) community, with new threats emerging all the time. An already complex field must strive to integrate new technologies and methods; cope with a rapidly changing infrastructure; understand evolving risks; be effective across cultural, administrative and national boundaries as well as engage with populations to enhance their resilience. In this context, crisis management innovation must be capable of meeting these multifaceted challenges and delivering solutions that are modular, flexible and adaptable.

The aim of the EU-funded DRIVER+ project, which concluded in June 2020 and was labelled by the Research Executive Agency (REA) of the EC a “success story”, has been to accelerate capability development and crisis management innovation by delivering these main outputs to the European crisis management community:

• The pan-European Test-bed consisting of the Trial Guidance Methodology (TGM), a Trial Guidance Tool (TGT) supporting the TGM application as well as an appropriate Test-bed Technical Infrastructure (TTI) enabling the simulation of a crisis environment including the connection of the innovative solutions and the respective legacy systems;

• The Portfolio of Solutions (PoS) covering innovative crisis management solutions at different technology readiness levels, according to a well-structured taxonomy of crisis management functions and gaps.

• The Crisis Management Innovation Network Europe (CMINE) enhancing the shared understanding of crisis management in Europe.

After presenting those three key DRIVER+ outputs and sharing several insights from the project, one out of the five trials will be briefly presented. The Trial was held in The Hague, Netherlands, and it covered a flood scenario triggering a mass evacuation in the affected region.

More about Risky Monday: https://riskncrisis.wordpress.com/events/weekly-events/risky-monday/

Increasing flood risk awareness and warning readiness by participation – But who understands what under ‘participation’?

New article. As one outcome of our alumni expert seminar in 2019

Abstract

Participation is an often-demanded process in disaster risk reduction (DRR). However, it is often unclear who understands what under this term. International organizations such as the United Nations have promoted participation in their DRR strategies since the 1980s, but further research is needed on its opportunities and limitations. Here we highlight what is understood by participation according to different actors and various international contexts. This study was motivated by a workshop where flood-risk and resilience experts from 14 countries perceived the nature of participation and the lack of its implementation differently. To unravel the multitude of these perspectives, 27 expert interviews were conducted in seven countries: Belgium, Germany, Indonesia, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan and Peru between March and August 2020. Results show that constraints on the conduction of participation are not only related to the specific country context but differ even within countries. Limitations such as capacities and willingness to participate as well as the role and importance of participation are common issues across the investigated contexts and countries.